Putting people and the planet at the core of business

Research reports

Research and shorter briefing papers making the case for policy changes

Alliance for Corporate Transparency: 2019 Research Report

Thursday, February 27th, 2020

The Alliance for Corporate Transparency (ACT) project (of which CORE is a member) has published its “2019 Research Report” analysing the sustainability reports of 1000 companies pursuant to the EU Non-Financial Reporting Directive. The main conclusion of this research is that while there is a minority of companies providing comprehensive and reliable sustainability-related information, at large quality and comparability of companies’ sustainability reporting is not sufficient to understand their impacts, risks, or even their plans.

Read and download the report here >>

Alliance for Corporate Transparency: 2018 Research Report

Friday, February 8th, 2019

The Alliance for Corporate Transparency (ACT) project (of which CORE is a member) has published its “2018 Research Report” analysing how over 100 EU companies from the Energy, ITC, and Health Care sectors disclose information necessary for understanding their impact on society and the environment, following the implementation of the EU’s Non-financial Reporting Directive. The report finds that although companies acknowledge in their reports the importance of environmental and social issues, but more often than not this information is not clear enough in terms of concrete issues, targets and principal risks.

Read the report >>

Who made our uniforms? U.K. Public Sector Apparel Procurement: Ensuring Transparency and Respect for Human Rights

Friday, September 28th, 2018

This report by CORE and ICAR reveals that that a third of companies that have supplied uniforms for UK public sector workers, including the armed forces and prison officers, have not reported on what they are doing to tackle slavery in their supply chains. It reveals that few contractors supplying uniforms and specialist safety clothing to the UK public sector are transparent about their ethical standards and international suppliers, and recommends that the UK Government take significant steps to ensure its contractors are more transparent and are meeting their responsibilities to respect human rights.

Download the report >>

Land Intensive Corporate Activity: The Impact on Women’s Rights

Saturday, November 4th, 2017

This briefing summarises research from the Human Rights Clinic at the University of Essex on the gender impacts of land intensive corporate activities. The full report can be found here.

Download the briefing >>

Risk Averse: Company Reporting on raw material and sector-specific risks under the Transparency in Supply Chains clause in the UK Modern Slavery Act 2015

Tuesday, October 3rd, 2017

This report provides a snapshot of company Slavery and Human Trafficking statements published in compliance with the Transparency in Supply Chains clause in the Modern Slavery Act 2015, focusing on companies that produce or provide products and services to a large number of customers, including other businesses. We examine statements from 25 businesses who source raw materials and commodities associated with a heightened risk of modern slavery and 25 operating in sectors known to be at heightened risk of labour rights abuses.

Report and resources available here >>

Legal implications of the UK Referendum on EU membership for corporate accountability work in the UK

Monday, February 20th, 2017

This paper by Deborah Doane and Dr. Jennifer Zerk sets out the findings of research commissioned by CORE to consider the legal implications of Brexit for corporate accountability work in the UK. There are an estimated 13,000 pieces of regulation that will be impacted by Brexit. While not all of these are relevant to corporate accountability, many EU laws are intended to raise standards of corporate behaviour and provide strong protections for workers, consumers, and the environment.

Download the paper here >>

Holding UK companies to account in the English courts for harming people in other countries/ Obligar a las compañías británicas a responder ante los tribunales ingleses por causar daño a personas en otros países

Wednesday, August 17th, 2016

This guide has been prepared by CORE and London Mining Network to help communities, workers, and civil society organisations supporting them, to understand the process of using legal action in England to hold UK companies to account for harming people in other countries. The guide was prepared with assistance from Chris Esdaile at Leigh Day.

La presente guía tiene como objetivo ayudar a las comunidades y a los trabajadores, así como a las organizaciones de la sociedad civil que los apoyan, a entender el proceso que implica emprender una acción judicial en Inglaterra para obligar a compañías británicas a responder por los daños causados a personas en otros países.

Download the guide here>>

Descargar la guía aquí >>

UK Modern Slavery Act: Register of slavery & human trafficking corporate statements released to date

Monday, March 7th, 2016

In this short report, CORE and the Business & Human Rights Resource Centre review 75 corporate statements on slavery and human trafficking that have been released to date to comply with the UK Modern Slavery Act.

Download the report >>

Above the law? Time to hold irresponsible companies to account

Monday, December 21st, 2015

In this report, Traidcraft and CORE set out how gaps in the legal framework are allowing irresponsible companies to get away with actions in developing countries which would not be acceptable in the UK. It shows how some companies are turning a blind eye to forced evictions, unacceptable labour standards, pollution which damages both livelihoods and health, and even beatings and deaths.

 Download the report >>

The Bottom Line: UK Corporate Abuse Overseas

Thursday, December 10th, 2015

The world over, some UK businesses are behaving in ways that would be unacceptable at home and getting away with it. This report brings together ten recent case studies of serious abuses linked to UK corporations’ international operations.

Read the full report along with our key recommendations for the UK government >>

The EU’s Business: Recommended actions to ensure access to judicial remedy for business-related human rights impacts

Thursday, February 5th, 2015

In 2014, Association Sherpa, CORE, the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights, ECCJ and Frank Bold launched a project to develop recommendations to improve access to judicial remedy in the EU for victims of corporate human rights abuses. The project revealed that similar problems are encountered across jurisdictions; there are clear opportunities for the EU to provide leadership and guidance to Member States to support them to address these issues. This paper summarises the outcomes and presents a plan of recommended actions on how to tackle identified barriers to justice.

Download the report »

The Third Pillar: Access to Judicial Remedy for Human Rights Violations by Transnational Business

Monday, December 2nd, 2013

States are failing in their obligation to ensure access to effective judicial remedies to victims of human rights violations by businesses operating outside their territory.  Two years from the universal endorsement of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, there is more work to be done. This report by CORE, European Coalition for Corporate Justice and International Corporate Accountability Roundtable (ICAR) identifies and analyses the barriers to remedy in the United States, Canada, and Europe, setting out detailed recommendations for the actions States should take to address the issue. An unofficial Chinese translation of the report is also available: 第三大支柱: 让跨国公司侵犯人权行为的受害者获得司法救济.

Download the report »

Implications of the Jackson reforms for human rights cases against multinational companies

Monday, March 5th, 2012

Following a review by Lord Justice Jackson in 2009, the UK government proposed wide-ranging reforms to the costs regime for civil litigation. This briefing note explains the negative consequences of the reforms for human rights court cases against multinational corporations.

Download the briefing »

Reality of Rights: barriers to accessing remedies when business operates beyond borders

Wednesday, May 25th, 2011

CORE & The London School of Economics (LSE) review examples from Kenya, India, Bangladesh, Georgia and Nigeria, and demonstrate how political, social and economic obstacles leave victims of alleged human rights violations without remedy.

Download the report »

A Starter for 10

Thursday, April 21st, 2011

Ten of the key issues, opportunities and discussion points on UK business, human rights and the environment, based on the premise that there is no single silver bullet to improving UK businesses’ human rights and environmental impacts.

Download the briefing »

Why the UK needs a Commission for Business, Human Rights and the Environment

Friday, April 15th, 2011

CORE is proposing a new body to address the human rights and environmental impacts of UK companies when operating abroad. This briefing explains why and what it could look like.

Download the briefing »

Simply Put: Towards an Effective UK Regime for Environmental and Social Reporting By Companies

Wednesday, March 23rd, 2011

Simply Put provides an expert analysis of how the current legal framework is failing and what changes need to be made to the existing social and environmental corporate reporting regime.  Through smart and straightforward amendments, the report identifies how existing legal requirements could be simplified and streamlined to take the guesswork out of corporate compliance.

Download the report »

Filling the Gap: a new body to investigate, sanction and provide remedies for abuses committed by UK companies abroad

Thursday, December 25th, 2008

This discussion paper was written to stimulate debate amongst corporate accountability campaigners and policy makers. The report aims to identify a way of filling the gap between, on the one hand, a series of relatively toothless soft law and self-regulatory initiatives, and, on the other hand, a domestic civil liability system which is fraught with difficulty for claimants.

Download the report »

Fit for Purpose? A review of the UK National Contact Point (NCP) for the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises 2008

Tuesday, November 25th, 2008

In 2005, MPs challenged the government to resolve inadequacies of the UK NCP, the government unit tasked with providing a degree of accountability for the environmental and human rights impacts of British companies operating abroad. This resulted in significant reforms to the NCP procedures. However, the findings in this report by Rights & Accountability in Development (RAID) in association with CORE and The Trades Union Congress (TUC), indicated that significant problems remained.

Download the report »

Act Now! A Campaigner's Guide to the Companies Act 2006

Monday, October 1st, 2007

To mark the implementation of The Companies Act, CORE and the Trade Justice Movement  published ‘Act Now! A campaigner’s guide to the Companies Act’. The guide was sent with an open letter to Prime Minister Tony Blair.

Download the briefing »

Why Corporate Social Responsibility is Failing Children

Wednesday, March 14th, 2007

This report by CORE & Save the Children reviews the implementation of the International Code on Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes; The Extractive Industries Transparencies Initiative (EITI); and The Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI) and reveals how all have been breached by leading companies.

Download the report »

Make UK Business Work for People and Planet

Tuesday, September 5th, 2006

This briefing offers a concise breakdown of the changes to the Companies Bill that CORE and TJM were calling for.

Download the briefing »

Modernising Company Law: meeting the stakeholders challenge

Sunday, September 25th, 2005

The Corporate Responsibility (CORE) Coalition argues that UK Company Law must reflect the interests of affected stakeholders, not just shareholders.

Download the briefing »

From Red Tape to Road Signs

Monday, November 1st, 2004

‘Red tape’ is the common phrase used by business to argue against any form of regulation. This booklet challenges the assertions made by business and provides a better understanding of what ‘red tape’ really is.

Download the briefing »